Fort Krasnaya Gorka (Alekseevsky) is one of the two forts of the Kronstadt position of the Sea Fortress of Peter the Great. The construction of the fort was started in 1909 at the same time as Fort Ino (Nikolayevsky). The fort start working in early 1914.
The construction of the fort was led by Major-General Apollon Alexeyevich Shishkin. The fort took its name from the village of Krasnaya Gorka. In 1919 the fort was renamed to Krasnoflotsky.
For the First World War beginning fort’s garrison was staffed by wartime staff (2,000 artillerymen, 2,000 infantrymen and more than 500 servicemen of other combat arms). The fort did not take part in the fighting of the First World War. By January 1917, the garrison of the fort had grown to 5,500. In 1918, in connection with the proximity of the German army, the fort was mined. The explosion was canceled, but the charges were not removed. August 19, under unknown circumstances, several charges detonated. The gunpowder shells of three Kane guns and four 254mm guns flew to the air. During the Second World War, the fort was part of the defensive fortifications of the “red” Petrograd.
After the war, the fort was maintained for some time in a combat-ready state, then its premises were used as warehouses, and then almost completely abandoned.
Currently access to the fort is free.
Video travel on the fort Krasnaya Gorka
Photos of the fort Krasnaya Gorka
The Museum Fort Krasnaya Gorka
The museum is located in the shelter for infantry No. 6 of the ground defense of Fort “Krasnaya Gorka”.
Group command post
The group command post is 10″ and 6″ batteries, located on the left flank of the 6″ battery.
Battery 6″ guns
The battery of six 152mm / 45mm Kane guns (1892/1906).
Battery 10″ guns
Battery of eight 10-inch Brink guns.
Marine 130mm cannon
On the right flank of the 10″ battery, a 130mm/50 deck ship artillery model 1935 (B-13) is installed in the weapons yard.
Armored concrete casemate between gun yards
Anti-ship complex S-2 Sopka
Part of the mobile coastal anti-ship missile system of the ground-based cruise missile S-2.
Artillery conveyor TM-III-12
305mm/52 gun mount rail conveyor TM-III-12.
Artillery conveyor TM-I-180
180mm /57 artillery installation on the railway transporter TM-I-180.
11″ mortar Battery
During the construction of the fort battery of eight 11″ howitzers was located here. At the beginning of the Second World War four 130-mm B-13 cannons was installed here.
11″ mortar battery command post
Krasnaya Gorka Memorial
Coast of the Gulf of Finland behind 11″ mortar battery
Coast with a 20-meter cliff on the shore of the fort.