Novgorod. Museum of Architecture in the open air. Wooden church. 17th century
The most prominent figure in the Flemish art of the seventeenth century was Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), a many-sided artist of great talent, the creator of celebrated paintings, and the teacher of the leading Flemish artists. The Hermitage collection comprises twenty-two paintings and nineteen sketches of Rubens, and there are some excellent drawings of his in the section devoted to this branch of art.
In the seventeenth century Holland, which had established as a result of the revolution the most progressive contemporary social system, the bourgeois republic, experienced a great upsurge of cultural activity, which manifested itself also in great successes in the sphere of painting.